Nakshatra & Namakshar
The starting point for the nakshatras is the point on the ecliptic directly opposite to the star Spica called Chitrā in Sanskrit (other slightly different definitions exist). It is called Meshādi or the "start of Aries". The ecliptic is divided into each of the nakshatras eastwards starting from this point. The list of Nakshatras is found in the Vedic texts (AV 19.7; Taittiriya Samhita) and also in the Shatapatha Brahmana. The first astronomy text that lists them is the Vedanga Jyotisha of Lagadha. In Ancient India, the Nakshastras were created by Daksha and are personified as daughters of the deity and as mythological wives of Chandra, the moon god. Some even make them the daughters of Kashyapa, the brother of Daksha.[2] Each of the nakshatras is governed as 'lord' by one of the nine graha in the following sequence: Ketu (South Lunar Node), Shukra (Venus), Ravi or Surya (Sun), Chandra (Moon), Mangala (Mars), Rahu (North Lunar Node), Guru or Brihaspati (Jupiter), Shani (Saturn) and Budha (Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras.
Sl.
No.
Sanskrit Name
and Meaning
Western star name Description Image
1 Ashvini
अश्विनी
Horse-like-woman
β and γ Arietis
  • Lord: Ketu (South lunar node)
  • Symbol : Horse's head
  • Deity :Ashwini Kumaras, the horse-headed twins who are physicians to the gods
  • Indian zodiac: 0° - 13°20' Mesha
  • Western zodiac 26° Aries - 9°20' Taurus
 
2 Bharani
भरणी
Bearer-woman
and 41 Arietis
  • Lord: Shukra (Venus)
  • Symbol: Yoni, the female organ of reproduction
  • Deity: Yama,god of death or Dharma
  • Indian zodiac: 13° 20' - 26°40' Mesha
  • Western zodiac 9° 20' - 22° 40' Taurus
 
3 Krittika
कृत्तिका
Cutting woman
Pleiades
  • Lord: Surya (Sun)
  • Symbol:Knife or spear
  • Deity : Agni, god of fire
  • Indian zodiac: 26°40' Mesha - 10° Vrishabha
  • Western zodiac 22° 40' Taurus - 6° Gemini
 
4 Rohini
रोहिणी
Red woman
Aldebaran
  • Lord: Chandra (Moon)
  • Symbol: Cart or chariot,temple,banyan tree
  • Deity : Brahma or Prajapati, the Creator
  • Indian zodiac: 10° - 23°20' Vrishabha
  • Western zodiac 6° - 19°20' Gemini
 
5 Mrigashīrsha
म्रृगशीर्षा
Head of a Deer
λ, φ Orionis
  • Lord: Mangala (Mars)
  • Symbol: Deer's head
  • Deity: Chandra, the Moon god
  • Indian zodiac: 23° 20' Vrishabha - 6° 40' Mithuna
  • Western zodiac: 19°20' Gemini - 2°40' Cancer
 
6 Ardra
आर्द्रा
Moist One
Betelgeuse
  • Lord: Rahu (North lunar node)
  • Symbol: Teardrop, diamond, a human head
  • Deity : Rudra, the storm god
  • Indian zodiac: 6° 40' - 20° Mithuna
  • Western zodiac: 2° 40' - 16° Cancer
 
7 Punarvasu
पुनर्वसु
Return of the Light
Castor and Pollux
  • Lord: Guru (Jupiter)
  • Symbol : Bow and quiver
  • Deity : Aditi, mother of the gods
  • Indian zodiac: 20° Mithuna - 3°20' Karka
  • Western zodiac 16° - 29°20' Cancer
 
8 Pushya
पुष्य
Nourishing
γ, δ and Cancri
  • Lord: Saturn
  • Symbol : Cow's udder, arrow and circle
  • Deity : Bṛhaspati, priest of the gods
  • Indian zodiac: 3°20' -16°40' Karka
  • Western zodiac 29°20' Cancer - 12°40' Leo
 
9 Āshleshāa
आश्लेषा
The Embracer
δ, ε, η, ρ, and Hydrae
  • Lord: Budh (Mercury)
  • Symbol: Serpent
  • Deity : Sarpas or Nagas, deified snakes
  • Indian zodiac: 16°40' - 30° Karka
  • Western zodiac 12°40' - 26° Leo
 
10 Maghā
मघा
The Great One
Regulus
  • Lord: Ketu (south lunar node)
  • Symbol : Royal Throne
  • Deity : Pitrs, 'The Fathers', family ancestors
  • Indian zodiac: 0° - 13°20' Simha
  • Western zodiac 26° Leo - 9°20' Virgo
11 Pūrva Phalgunī
पूर्व फाल्गुनी
Former Reddish One
δ and Leonis
  • Lord: Shukra (Venus)
  • Symbol : Front legs of bed, hammock, fig tree
  • Deity : Bhaga, god of marital bliss and prosperity
  • Indian zodiac: 13°20' - 26°40' Simha
  • Western zodiac 9°20' - 22°40' Virgo